Background information on Python 3
What is Python?
- Python is an interpreted language.
- Python uses dynamic typing.
- Python 3 is not compatible to Python 2.x
- The Python interpreter generates intermediate code
(in the pycache directory).
- Quick to write, no compilation
- Fully object-oriented
- Many reliable libraries
- All-round language
- 100% free software
- Writing very fast programs is not straightforward
- No strict encapsulation
What has changed from Python 2 to Python 3?
- print is now a function
- all Strings are stored in Unicode (better handling of umlauts and special characters in all languages)
- many functions like zip(), map() and filter() return iterators
- the standard library has been cleaned up completely